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Base information

Official name:

Italian republic

Surface area:

301 203 km²

Inhabitants:

58 135 609 (data collected in 2007)

Population density:

193 people per km2

Capital city:

Rome

Political system:

Plural republic with bicameral parliament

Currency:

1 euro

Language:

Italian

Religion:

97% Catholics, 1,5% Waldesian Protestants, 1,5 % Muslims

Climate:

Subtropical Mediterranean with corresponding vegetation, in the North Middle European climate

Highest mountain:

Mont Blanc de Courmayeur ( 4 748 m n. m)

Longest river:

Po River ( 652 km)


After Greece, Italy is a country with the longest European history. On the other hand, its modern unification took place quite recently. The long and generous history left a huge number of monuments all around the country. For example you can find there Roman remains and statues, middle age castles, majestic Renaissance buildings and masterpieces by world-class painters and sculptors.
Italy is a South European country located on the Apennine Peninsula, which is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea (Adriatic, Ionic, Tyrrhenian, Ligurian Sea). It is devided into 20 regions and 94 provinces. There are islands and archipelagos that belong to Italy – the biggest Mediterranean island Sicily, Sardinia, Elba, Capri, Pentelery, Ischia, Lipar and Egad Islands. Italy has a 7600km long shore. It borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. There are two independent states inside Italy – Vatican and San Marino.
Along the northern border there are the Alp Mountains (with the highest mountain Mont Blanc, which is almost 5000 m high). The Alps are very rich in glacial lakes - for example Lago di Garda, Lago di Como. Through the Apennine mountain range runs a large part of Italy. Down to the South the mountains merge into the densely inhabited Po Lowland with lots of rivers (Po, Adige etc.). In Italy you can also find a number of volcanoes (Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli). Around the coast there are mostly lowlands.

Italian region

The most important Italian regions and their capital cities:

 

Region

 

 

Hl. město regionu

 

 

Abruzzo
Basilicata
Calabria
Campania
Emilia-Romagna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Lazio
Liguria
Lombardia
Marche
Molise
Piemonte
Puglia
Sardegna
Sicilia
Toscana
Trentino-Alto Adige
Umbria
Valle d´Aosta
Veneto

 

L´Aquila
Potenza
Catanzaro
Napoli
Bologna
Treiste
Roma
Genova
Milano
Ancona
Campobasso
Torino
Bari
Cagliari
Palermo
Firenze
Trento
Perugia
Aosta
Venezia

Papers, duty, regulations

Travel documents

As a travel document when travelling to Italy you can use a valid Czech identification card or a passport.
Visa
Because the Czech Republic is a part of EU/EHP, Czechs can naturally move freely to the territory of every other country that is a member as well. This right can be limited only if the person harms public safety and order. Underage travellers can enter the country only accompanied by adults. When a person wants to stay for more than 90 days, it is necessary to apply for a residence permit (carta di soggiorno) at the police station in the place of residence. If you plan to stay in Italy for business reasons, you will also need a working permit.
Custom and foreign currency regulations
Per one person you can import and export:
-    800 standard cigarettes, or 400 different kinds of cigarettes (cannot exceed the weight of 3kg), or 200 cigars or 1kg of tobacco
-    20 liters of alcohol (alcohol percentage 22% or lower), 90 litres of wine (max 60 litres of champagne)
-    2 litres of light wine and 110 litres of beer can be transported by a person, who is 17 or older 
(these limits are considered to be for commercial reasons)

It is forbidden to bring petrol in fuel canisters.
The value of imported foreign currency isn’t limited, the maximal limit of exported value is 10 330 Euros.

Driving a car

For driving a car in the territory of Italy, all drivers need a valid driving licence and its certified translation (it is maybe easier to take an international drivers licence with you), log book and green card. If you don’t drive your own car, you also have to carry a certified permission from the owner.

Traffic regulations are almost the same as in the Czech Republic. Only on highways and speed ways, drivers must vacate the right lane for police and ambulance.

Police allows 0,4 per mille alcohol in bloodstream (but not in case the driver is part of an accident). Seatbelts must be used on all seats and each car has to have an emergency triangle. Motorcyclists and also their co-driver are obligated to wear a helmet. It is required to have front lights on while driving through a tunnel. It is forbidden to use a cell phone while driving. The driver can only answer the call if he has a hands-free equipment in the car. In the Val d’Aosta area drivers have to use snow belts in winter.

The sea

The Italian shore is been washed by the Adriatic Sea on the East, by Ionic and Mediterranean Sea on the South and by Tyrrhenian and Lingurian Sea from the North. The Adriatic and Ionic Seas are separated by the city of Santa Maria di Leuca (Salento region, in the heel of “the Italian boot”). This region offers not only warm Mediterranean climate but also amazing summer mood, lots of monuments with typically oriental atmosphere, baroque houses built from yellow stone (called “pietra leccese”). For these reasons is the Salento region very popular among the tourists. Also if you wish to meet some celebrity, you should visit the well known touristic centre Gallipoli. 

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